Trailer makers continue to struggle to increase production rates to meet high demand in the face of supply chain, staffing, and material shortage issues.
“Fleets are desperate for new dry vans to compensate for the shortage of new trucks and drivers in the current tight capacity environment,” said Don Ake, FTR vice president of commercial vehicles. “There is a growing amount of freight to be moved, and the industry continues to struggle to deliver it on time. Spot loads and rates remain elevated. The semiconductor shortage is limiting Class 8 production, and the driver shortage has been exacerbated by the aftereffects of the pandemic.”
Against that background, however, material and component supplies, as well as staffing issues, continue to generate headwinds for trailer makers, according to ACT Research. Initial reports indicate that OEMs were unable to increase daily production rates in July, it reported.
“OEMs continue to struggle hiring factory workers,” said FTR’s Ake. “Suppliers are struggling to keep pace due to a shortage of manpower and imported parts and components. The supply chain is still experiencing disruptions and bottlenecks.”
Some improvement in production is expected this year, with some indications that staffing challenges may be easing slightly, but there also are indications some supplies will be restricted into next year.
"Pricing and availability of components and materials are resulting in higher trailer prices and a build-up of red-tag units, with the volume of these units expected to continue growing during the upcoming months," said Frank Maly, ACT Research director of commercial vehicle transportation analysis.
Concerns about future availability and pricing are major factors in the unwillingness of OEMs to accept future orders, Maly said, causing uncertainty about when 2022 order books will officially open.
“Meaningful pent-up demand is occurring due to the reluctance to accept dry van and reefer orders,” he said, with the average industry backlog-to-build ratio extending to the end of the first quarter of 2022 if the industry remains at June 2021 build rates.
July Trailer Orders
These issues are why preliminary reports show trailer orders in July remained low.
Those estimates differ depending on who you’re talking to. ACT Research said trailer OEMs posted 7,100 orders in July, while FTR’s estimate was higher at 8,200 units. Either way, we’re looking at orders about a third less than June and around 60% less than the same month last year.
“Trailer orders remained low for the fourth consecutive month in July. The issue is certainly not demand-related, as fleets remain bullish regarding equipment acquisition,” said ACT’s Maly. “When the order season eventually opens, expect a surge of pent-up volume to flood in, likely resulting in a very significant commitment of available 2022 production capacity.”
Vocational trailer orders haven’t faced as much pressure, but those orders fell in July as well, according to FTR, because fleets have most of their orders in for this year.