Uptime’s a never-ending challenge for fleets, but there are tactics maintenance managers can use to reduce unscheduled downtime, according to a panel discussion at the Technology & Maintenance Council Annual Meeting in Atlanta on Feb. 25.
Benny Whitehead, president of Benny Whitehead Trucking, an Alabama-based fleet of about 100 trucks; and Tony Morthland, director of equipment and facilities for Illinois-based Nussbaum Transportation, took the stage along with representatives from their local dealers to talk about strategies such as building a relationship with your service providers, developing a robust preventive maintenance inspection program, and taking the time to delve into why breakdowns are happening in the first place.
1. Build a relationship
The panel emphasized the importance of building a relationship with your local dealer and other service providers – even those out on the road in lanes your trucks frequently travel.
The relationship with your local dealer also gives you someone who can get involved when you’re having trouble dealing with a service provider on the road.
Travis Dunn, GM of Truck Centers’ Troy, Illinois, location, advised fleets to “visit dealers or service providers, meet them at events like this, just reach out, say hello, know the team, let them know your team. We’re all going after the same goal – we want to keep the customer rolling.”
Morthland goes beyond his local dealer. “We’ve got certain areas where we heavily travel ,and between our local provider here, we decided to go out and get handshakes and faces right in front of them, talk to them, and just try to build something, so they know who it is when you’re calling. It definitely helps.”
On the other hand, he said, “we know places where we know we’re not going to get anywhere with them, so we work with dispatch to see if we can switch loads. We may be forced to get a rental truck, maybe even tow it somewhere else.”
Whitehead agreed. “Some shops you just know you can’t get it in. We do the same thing.”
2. Pick your battles
Morthland emphasized “picking and choosing” the situations where the company really needs to push the service provider to turn a truck around quickly.
Conversely, the dealers noted that when a fleet lets them know if a repair isn’t as urgent, if they’re able to get that load repowered, it’s appreciated – and helps build a relationship where the dealer is more likely to help when it is urgent.
Dunn said his dealership has a weekly call with Nussbaum, the OEM, and a customer advocate. “Any time his truck’s not at one of our stores, the customer advocate is on the phone trying to do what he can to get him back on the road.”
3. Be proactive in communicating
Technological tools such as Detroit’s Virtual Technician help fleets and dealers share information – but both fleets said that doesn’t take the place of other communication entirely.
“Emails come across if we have problems with the truck, sensors or whatever, and we go ahead and warn the guys at the shop, he’ll be here Friday, he’s gotta go back out Monday, and try to get it scheduled,” Whitehead said.
Scott Dixon, director of operations for 4 Star Freightliner, agreed. “Anytime you can schedule it coming in,” it will help the dealer manage the scheduling. “The good thing [with Virtual Technician] is a lot of the troubleshooting is already done – here’s the code, here’s the most common part that causes it, and you’ve got it in stock.” That gives the dealer a headstart. In fact, the dealers said, any additional information the fleet can provide about a problem they’re seeing will help in diagnosing and making repairs.
“If you can give us a little head's up on what’s going on, we can get that caliber of technician for that job,” said Dunn. “It makes a huge difference, instead of going in blind.”
4. Get the dealer to come to you
Both dealers use mobile maintenance technicians to help serve their fleets’ needs. Truck Centers has technicians that work regularly in the Nussbaum shop.
“Before we had technicians in Nussbaum’s shop,” Dunn recalled, “Tony would call me and ask, ‘Are you growing a tomato patch over there?’ And that meant there were too many red trucks in the lot and we needed to fix them.”
Dixon said mobile maintenance is a great way to address scheduled maintenance, such as dealing with recalls. “A lot of times you might only have so many bays at your shop. The good thing is [as a dealer] you can put on as many [mobile maintenance] trucks as you want.”
Dunn agreed. “It’s all about the bay space at the store.”
5. Be proactive with preventive maintenance inspections
Whitehead said with today’s longer oil change intervals, they implemented a program where every truck, when it comes into the yard, goes into the shop for a quick check of common problem areas, such as tires and lights. Since it implemented this, “We’ve seen our tire problems on the road go drastically go away.” When it’s time for those oil drains, “we have our big PM and it’s an extended deal, they check everything.”
Morthland’s background is with a full-service leasing company that had a very strong PM system, and he’s brought that philosophy to Nussbaum. But there are many pieces to implementing a successful PM program. Technicians have to be trained. “And it’s constantly changing. You can’ just set up a PM program and let it go for 10 years. You’ve got to make adjustments.”
And you have to communicate beyond the maintenance department, he said. “It’s always a big struggle – dispatch doesn’t want to give you the time to do a PM. You have to coach them and teach them to understand that the truck needs to be down – it’s the old saying, pay me now or pay me later. If he breaks down on the road, they’re the first ones that complain. You’ve got to teach everyone else in your company how important it is and how much time it takes to do it. You needed six hours and they want to give you two.”
6. Find out what’s causing your downtime
The TMC/Fleetnet America benchmarking study, which tracks breakdown statistics, found that five systems accounted for 64% of roadside repairs: Tires, brakes, lighting, powerplant, and cooling system.
Morthland emphasized that PMs are not enough – you have to follow up on what technicians are finding, especially if there’s a pattern. Maybe it’s something where you need to look at spec’ing a different component, or maybe there’s an issue with the driver that needs to be addressed.
“It’s root cause analysis. If you can look at VMRS codes, drill down, find out what costs you the most money – then take one column at a time and try to solve the problems.”