The recorders are a major bone of contention in the proposed changes to the hours of service rules. Truckers are up in arms about a provision that would replace paper logs with onboard recorders for longhaul and regional operators.
The contention swirls around two issues: purpose and expense.
The agency estimates that 40% to 75% of these drivers violate the current rules in one way or another, and expects recorders to make a dramatic change in their attitude about compliance. It also estimates that truckers would pay about $1,100 per truck to buy the devices and teach drivers to use them.
Truckers, on the other hand, say the devices are intrusive, will not improve safety and should not be mandated.
Truckers also say that the agency has underestimated the cost, but on that point, it appears that both sides may be off the mark.
At a recent public hearing on the proposed rules, Tony Reynolds, product manager for VDO North America, said his company has a device that costs between $300 and $500.
It’s a digital tachograph that tracks all the key information that the safety agency wants, including driver identification, time on duty, break time and distance traveled.
The device costs about $300 as original equipment and $500 as a retrofit, Reynolds said. Original installation takes about 40 minutes, while retrofit takes about two hours, he said.
The DTCO 1380, as it is designated, will become the standard – and mandatory – tracking device in the European Union starting this year. It will replace the mechanical tachograph that EU truckers have been required to use since 1970.
The device has two smart-card readers – one for the driver and co-driver, and the other for administration and enforcement. The cards, which are unique to each individual, are used to enter and extract data. They cost from $1 to $2, Reynolds said.
The device also has a built-in printer for in-cab reports, a screen that displays information and a keypad for entering data. The cards and the device each store 30 days’ data. Reynolds said that in the EU, the driver’s card will bear his photo for identification.
The basic unit just handles driver hours, but it comes with standard interfaces for global positioning, logistics systems and telemetric systems.
All EU trucks weighing more than 3.5 tons are required to use tachographs. According to Reynolds, the devices have contributed to significant safety improvements. He reported, for example, that Germany experienced a 160% increase in kilometers traveled between personal-injury accidents between 1970 and 1990 – thanks in part to strict enforcement of tachograph requirements.