A new study released by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration recommended a series of regulatory changes to further ease the transition of military personnel and veterans into much-needed civilian jobs driving commercial motor vehicles.
In releasing the study, FMCSA also announced plans to implement the changes as soon as possible.
The study, which was directed by Congress in the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act one year ago, analyzed training, testing and licensing similarities and differences between military and civilian commercial driver’s license requirements. A number of federal and state regulatory changes were identified that would not adversely impact safety but would allow returning U.S. military personnel possessing extensive training and experience operating trucks, buses and other heavy equipment to more easily and conveniently receive a state-issued CDL.
The opportunities outlined in the report require formal rulemaking action, which FMCSA will initiate this year. The proposed changes include:
- Extending the period of time, from 90 days to one year, in which active duty and recently separated veterans can take advantage of a Military Skills Test Waiver. The waiver, which FMCSA first implemented in 2011, allows states to waive CDL skills tests for service members with two years of safe driving experience with similar vehicles. Today, 46 states and Washington, D.C. offer the waiver, which has already provided almost 2,000 military personnel a quicker pathway to a job;
- Updating federal regulations to allow over 60,000 service members trained and employed in the operation of heavy vehicles, many of which are nearly identical to civilian commercial motor vehicles, to immediately qualify for a CDL while still on active duty; and
- Allowing a service member who is stationed in one state, but licensed in another, to obtain a CDL before being discharged.
FMCSA will continue to explore other ways to ease the transition from military occupations to jobs requiring CDLs, including waiving the requirements for pre-employment drug testing for recently discharged military personnel based on their recent participation in random drug testing programs run by the military.
In August, FMCSA announced almost $1 million in grants to six colleges to help increase enrollment in commercial motor vehicle training programs, making it easier for veterans and their spouses to obtain CDLs and find transportation jobs. These grants are in addition to similar funding awards made by FMCSA two years ago.
The agency also granted a petition from Virginia in May to allow their military bases to be certified as third-party testers of military personnel for CDL knowledge and skills tests. New Mexico and Wisconsin are preparing to follow suit.
From 2010 to 2020, the need for heavy-vehicle drivers is expected to grow by more than 17% - faster than the national average for other occupations. Jobs as city, tour and school bus drivers, as well as light truck or delivery services drivers, are expected to continue growing at the national average.
A copy of the study is available at: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/documents/congress-reports/ReportsCongressVeterans-CDL-Report-Nov2013.pdf