The total number of carriers who expect to add 0-5 percent capacity has remained steady for the last two quarters, TCP reports.
"Carriers tell us that rates are not covering investment risks, nor are they close to covering the record prices of new trucks," says Richard Mikes, TCP Partner and survey leader.
Mikes says about 25 percent of the carriers surveyed said then would need an operating ration in 87-90 range before they would see an ROI sufficient to prompt investment in new tractors.
"Half the group says they would need an operating ratio of 91-94," Mikes notes. "If a carrier is asset intensive and financing equipment, it is difficult to show a net margin with a 95+ OR."
When split between large and small carriers (more or less than $25 million in revenue), the survey found 53% of larger carriers said they were achieving an adequate rate of return to spur investment in new equipment compared to just 41% of smaller carriers.
"Fifty-three percent is hardly a ringing endorsement that rates are adequate for the investment needed and the risks taken by the larger carriers," notes TCP partner, Lana Batts.
Operating ratios and return on investment aside, nearly 70 percent of the carriers surveyed indicated they were currently unable to seat all the trucks they currently have.
Those three factors alone explain why carriers, as a whole, are not interested in growing their fleets dramatically, even in the face of expected volume increases. Most truck purchases today are intended to replace aging equipment, not to expand operations, the survey finds.
Both Mikes and Batts agree that with low, two-percent GDP growth forecasts for 2012, the 15-20 percent reduction in the national fleet seen during the recession will not be made up until carriers see higher rates to compensate for escalating costs and regulatory constraints of CSA and hours of service.
To read the press release on TCP's recent survey regarding volumes and rates, click here.
See www.transportcap.com for more details about TCP services.