Witnesses agreed that the CDL program, which went into effect in 1992, has all but eliminated the practice of commercial drivers using multiple licenses from different states to spread out their points.
"I've been in this since about 1980," testified Lisa Irwin for the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance. "It was pretty commonplace then when you stopped a vehicle, you asked for both licenses they were carrying. Today it's very unusual that we find duplicate licenses."
It has, however, become more common for truckers to risk driving without a license at all after it has been suspended or revoked, according to a 1998 study of the effectiveness of the CDL program.
Another problem discussed at the hearing was the fact that many violations never make it into the driver's record, tracked by the Commercial Driver's License Information System, or CDLIS. While offenses on Interstate highways ticketed by state police or commercial vehicle enforcement personnel do, especially serious violations, tickets received in small towns are often plea-bargained down to traffic school and never are entered as a conviction.
This fact became especially obvious after last year's Amtrak crash with a flatbed truck in Bourbonnais, IL. The driver was found to be operating on a provisional "court supervision" license, and had multiple offenses that had never been reported to the state or to CDLIS.
Varying standards, codes and laws among the different states also cause problems when drivers move from state to state. Sometimes the entire record may not follow accurately. Louisiana, for instance, has no points system, so drivers moving to that state essentially start off with a clean slate.
"We're basically very pleased with the CDL program, and think it's a real success story," testified Brian McLaughlin with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. "Having said that, we are far from ready to declare victory and walk away. There is much that still needs to be done."
Several changes were made to the CDL program in the legislation signed last month that established the new FMCSA. For instance, offenses in your passenger car will be counted against your commercial driver's license. The new agency will have its hands full writing proposed rulemakings to put those changes into effect.
This was the fourth and final hearing in the NTSB's series of hearings on truck safety. Because such a wide range of topics were covered, the board's recommendations and reports will come out in stages. The NTSB has no regulatory power, but makes recommendations to government and state agencies, industries and others that have the power to affect transportation safety.