A final rule adding flexibility to the hours-of-service rules was submitted March 2 to the White House Office of Management and Budget for review.
Jim Mullen, acting administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, made the announcement March 3 at the Truckload Carriers Association’s annual convention in Orlando, Florida.
“After carefully reviewing these comments, I am pleased to announce today that FMCSA is moving forward with a final rule on hours-of-service and that the Agency has sent a final rule to the Office of Management and Budget for review," Mullen said. "While I can’t go into the specifics of this final rule, please know that the goal of this process from the beginning has been to improve safety for all motorists and to increase flexibility for commercial drivers."
Mullen said it was his priority to get those modifications finished, although he couldn’t offer a timeline for OMB approval. He also said listening sessions were held across the country to garner input on the proposed rule changes, and more than 8,000 comments were submitted to the docket.
As recently as Feb. 17 at the Omnitracs Outlook 2020 meeting in Las Vegas, FMCSA's Joe DeLorenzo said he felt the process was moving rather quickly.
In a recap of its 2019 accomplishments, FMCSA said its proposal for fixing HOS is “historic” and that it will “improve safety and increase flexibility for commercial vehicle drivers” through “key updates to hours of service rules that are directly based on the feedback FMCSA has received from drivers across the country.”
The guts of the proposal published last August were contained in these changes:
- Expanding the current 100 air-mile “short-haul” exemption from 12 hours on-duty to 14 hours on-duty, in order to be consistent with the rules for long-haul truck drivers
- Extending the current 14-hour on-duty limitation by up to 2 hours when a truck driver encounters adverse driving conditions
- Revising the current mandatory 30-minute break for truck drivers after 8 hours of continuous driving
- Reinstating the option for splitting up the required 10-hour off-duty rest break for drivers operating trucks equipped with a sleeper-berth compartment
Drug and Alcohol Clearinghouse, ELD Transition
Mullen also commented on the drug and alcohol clearinghouse, acknowledging there were some technical issues in the early days, but assured attendees they’ve been resolved. There have been more than 680,000 registrants since it rolled out in early January, and nearly 9,000 drivers who either failed or refused a drug test have been identified.
“If they don’t go through the return to duty status program, they’re not going to be hired and they’re not going to be driving commercial vehicles,” Mullen said.
The transition from automatic on-board recording devices to electronic logging devices (ELDs) has gone smoothly, Mullen reported, and is having an impact. Mullen said there’s been a 52% reduction in hours-of-service violations since the ELD mandate was implemented, and in roadside inspections, fewer than 1% of drivers are not complying with the ELD mandate. Asked what the FMCSA is doing about non-compliant ELDs, Mullen acknowledged the U.S. differs from Canada by not requiring third-party certification, but he doesn’t think abuse is widespread.
Mullen said money and resources were a consideration when opting for self-certification of devices. “We have a process in which we can decertify ELD vendors,” said Mullen. “We look at that process very closely.”
He called on the trucking industry and manufacturers of compliant devices to help the FMCSA identify ELDs that can be manipulated.
“Help us detect how you can circumvent the rules to allow fraud and abuse and what the industry can do on a voluntary basis to assist FCMSA identify these issues,” he urged.
Mullen also said the FMCSA continues to look at the safety of allowing 18- to 20-year-olds with military experience to drive in interstate commerce, and is also considering rolling out a pilot program that will expand that opportunity to young drivers without military backgrounds. Their safety performance will be compared to drivers aged 21-24 to determine if restrictions from operating in interstate commerce should be lifted.
Finally, Mullen thanked the trucking industry for its role in combating human trafficking. He noted human trafficking is the fastest-growing business sector in the world.
“That’s astonishing and it’s horrible,” he said. “We know truck drivers are in the unique position to help combat human trafficking and we know they are doing so on a daily basis, and we thank them for it.”