During its annual meeting, held September 25 and 26 in Kansas City, the organization of state highway safety officials put aside a California proposal that urged state legislators to ban cellphone use and texting by persons operating motor vehicles. The move came just days after the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration posted a formal rule banning truck and bus drivers from texting while driving. That announcement was made at the second annual distracted driving summit hosted by the U.S. Department of Transportation in Washington.
A spokesperson for the group, Jonathan Adkins, was quoted by the Washington Post as saying, "We don't want this to become like the speeding issue, which we've already lost. Everybody speeds. They haven't shown that the laws we already have are very effective."
While few would argue against banning texting while driving, the argument for an outright ban on cellphone use -- handsfree or otherwise -- is less clear. Many states currently prohibit the use of hand-held cellular telephones while permitting hands-free operation. This would lend some credence to the theory that hands-free conversations are less likely to result in collisions. But some studies suggest that theory is faulty.
A 2006 study conducted by the University of Utah found that talking on a cell phone does in fact impair driver attentiveness. The study also concluded there was little difference in the degree of reduced attentiveness between hand-held and hands-free devices. As well, a report from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration concluded that there is a "general delay in information processing and degradation in driver performance regardless of the mobile phone platform in use -- hand-held or hands-free."
In March of this year the national Highway Safety Council noted that bans on hand-held phones "give the false impression that using a hands-free phone is safer."
The Highway Loss Data Institute -- an organization funded by insurance companies -- notes that collision rates recorded in states that ban the use of hand-held cellphone varied little from states with no such restrictions, which suggests one of two things: either cellphone use does not lead to collisions, or drivers are switching to hands-free units, and the crash rate remains the same because the distraction factor is about the same.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, drivers who use hands-free devices tend to talk longer and more frequently while driving because it's less cumbersome than holding a phone to one's ear. It could be surmised that hand-held cellphone bans might encourage conversations using hands-free phones, and therefore actually increase the crash risk.
And then there is the question of how any ban might be enforced. Texting bans are said to be difficult to enforce because the activity is often hidden from view, unlike the more obvious use of hand-held cellphones. Banning hand-held devices drives the activity underground, so to speak, onto hands-free units.
Currently, 31 jurisdictions prohibit texting while driving, and eight others restrict the use of hand-held devices. No jurisdiction has so far banned the use of any and all cellular communications technology. The Governors Highway Safety Association does not appear to be in a rush to change that.