Anthony Levandowski has been sentenced to 18 months in prison for stealing self-driving vehicle...

Anthony Levandowski has been sentenced to 18 months in prison for stealing self-driving vehicle information from Google's Waymo.

Photo: HDT file photo from

Self-driving truck entrepreneur Anthony Levandowski has been sentenced to 18 months in prison for stealing trade secrets related to autonomous vehicles, in what the judge called “the "biggest trade secret crime I have ever seen,” according to published reports.

Levandowski gained visibility in trucking after he co-founded a self-driving truck enterprise called Otto after leaving his job in Google's Waymo autonomous vehicle program. But he was accused of transferring more than 14,000 Google files to his personal laptop before leaving the company. Those documents included development schedules and product designs for its autonomous vehicle program. And within months, Uber had purchased Otto, leading Waymo to sue Uber, alleging the competitor had done so in order to get its hands on that confidential information.

In March, Levandowski pleaded guilty to stealing a confidential Google document shortly before leaving the company. In the agreement, Levandowski agreed to a maximum fine of $250,000 and a maximum prison term of 10 years.

Prosecutors sought a 27-month sentence. Levandowski and his attorneys had argued for 12 months of home confinement, saying that a prison term would be a “death sentence” given the COVID-19 pandemic and his prior history of respiratory illness. The judge said home confinement would be “a green light to every future brilliant engineer to steal trade secrets. Prison time is the answer to that.” However, the judge did rule that Levandowski could wait to begin his sentence until after the Covid-19 pandemic had peaked.

Levandowski also agreed to pay more than $756,000 in restitution to Waymo and a fine of $95,000. He filed for bankruptcy in March because he owes $179 million to Google's parent company, Alphabet, for his actions.

Levandowski’s Journey

At the American Trucking Associations Management Conference and Expo in 2016, Levandowski took the stage as part of a panel on truck platooning and autonomous trucks. There, he raised eyebrows, from his casual dress and orange sneakers to his visions of trucks being built with no cabs for drivers at all.

Levandowski got the attention of the trucking industry in 2016 when he founded self-driving...

Levandowski got the attention of the trucking industry in 2016 when he founded self-driving truck company Otto after leaving Google.

Photo: HDT file photo from Otto

At the time he was heading up autonomous operations at Uber, which had purchased his self-driving truck startup Otto.

Earlier that year, we reported how Levandowski had left his job working at Google on its self-driving car to found Otto with two other former Google employees, Lior Ron and Don Burnette, and another robotics expert, Claire Delaunay.

Otto’s goal was to develop retrofittable autonomous-driving technology for on-highway commercial heavy trucks and conducted its first extended test on public highways in Nevada in May of 2016.

Levandowski was fired by Uber in 2017 when a lawsuit was filed against the company by Google’s autonomous vehicle arm Waymo, alleging that he had obtained autonomous technology trade secrets before resigning to found Otto and that Uber had bought Otto to get access to those confidential documents.

Uber and Waymo settled their lawsuit in early 2018, and later that year, Levandowski founded Pronto. This new venture, he said, aimed to take a more gradual approach to self-driving trucks and get retrofit autonomous technology to fleets in the near future.

But in August of 2019, the Department of Justice announced it was charging him with 33 counts of theft and attempted theft of trade secrets dating back to Levandowski’s time at Google, when he was an engineer working on that company’s Waymo autonomous vehicle project. Levandowski stepped aside at Pronto and Robbie Miller took over as CEO.

Meanwhile, Tech Crunch reports that Levandowski last month filed suit against Waymo and Uber as part of his bankruptcy proceedings. It focuses on Uber’s agreement to indemnify Levandowski against legal action when it bought his self-trucking company, Otto Trucking. It also includes new allegations concerning the settlement that Waymo and Uber reached over trade secret theft claims.

About the author
Deborah Lockridge

Deborah Lockridge

Editor and Associate Publisher

Reporting on trucking since 1990, Deborah is known for her award-winning magazine editorials and in-depth features on diverse issues, from the driver shortage to maintenance to rapidly changing technology.

View Bio