"At the risk of sounding glib, there really is no minimum fleet size" when you're talking maintenance software, says Bob Hausler, vice president of marketing and technology at Arsenault Associates, which makes Dossier maintenance-management software.
Even if you have only a single asset, managing, tracking and optimizing maintenance so you get the most from that asset is worthwhile. The real question is, how many units do you need to make investment in maintenance software cost-effective?
In practice, Hausler says, despite his company's best efforts to communicate the business benefits, and despite cost-effective licensing and online services priced specially for very small fleets, "not many fleets with less than 15 or 20 units are willing or able to make the commitment to purchase and effectively utilize fleet-maintenance-management software. Those that do make the commitment are able to see and realize the same percentage benefits in savings or improvements as larger fleets."
Can you manage it?
As Hausler says, a key to using maintenance software is making a commitment to use it effectively. That's why maintenance consultant Carl Tapp, who retired last year from his longtime role as vice president of maintenance at Arkansas-based P.A.M. Transportation Services, says one of the questions you must ask before diving into any particular maintenance software product is simple: Can you support it?
Are you big enough to have an IT department that will help install and maintain the program? Or will you rely on the vendor? Is that vendor willing and able to provide initial training as well as ongoing support? Even if it's a Web-based product that doesn't need on-site installation, you'll still need help to make the best use of even the most intuitive system.
No matter which system you choose, it won't be an easy transition, especially if you're moving from pen and paper or whiteboard systems. But even if you're coming from some other kind of computerized setup, don't expect a perfectly smooth path.
At Skagit Transportation in Mount Vernon, Wash., maintenance manager Bob Dorsey looks after a fleet of 90 tractors and 200-plus trailers, and he does it with the help of the long-established TruckMate software, now owned by TMW. It's a total fleet-management system the company uses for dispatch and accounting, but since last July, Dorsey has been using its maintenance-management module.
Dorsey has only good things to say about the system but admits to a challenge in implementing it in the Skagit maintenance operation.
"Before I arrived in 2004 we had just used the 'work order to spreadsheet' method," he explains. He initially tried a different program, but he switched to TruckMate because of the integration into the company's other departments and updates to the software.
"The integration took a lot of time and self learning," Dorsey says.
He warns that the process demands "many hours of input" at first to get your parts and vehicles entered into the system, depending on how much information you want and how large your fleet and parts inventory are. Other maintenance managers we spoke to agreed that accuracy at that inputting stage is crucial, but it remains important all the way through.
"Our main goals were to integrate maintenance with operations and accounting," Dorsey explains. "It's easier now in terms of accounting and tracking of the maintenance costs of our equipment. I can also see where our equipment is and schedule maintenance. It also helps control our inventory, which is quite diverse."
No matter which one you choose, a maintenance-management system isn't a set-it-and-forget-it kind of thing.
At O&S Trucking in Springfield, Mo., Jim Frieze and his maintenance staff meet every week if there are issues to address, specifically in terms of their Cetaris Fleet Assistant software. They never go more than two weeks.
"It's a matter of constant reinforcement," says Frieze, who's vice president of maintenance.
"There are quite a few maintenance programs out there these days, but which one is the best depends on your needs," says Skagit's Dorsey. "For some, it just may be the old standby Excel spreadsheet. For others they may want to integrate it into the rest of the company, therefore requiring a more complex system. It's something that takes much time and consideration, especially with the new laws out there and all of the maintenance tracking that a company has to do."
The brutal truth is a 20-truck operation has exactly the same set of legal obligations as a fleet with 2,000 vehicles. At the very least, PM scheduling has to be managed to near perfection. If it can be done with a simple spreadsheet, great - but can it? Long before you talk about managing warranty and tracking component costs and managing parts inventory, there's the basic job of keeping trucks and trailers in roadworthy condition. We're talking about CSA-compliant condition, with records to prove it. The right management system can make the job much easier.
"Trying to manage a fleet using less technology is like settling to 'not lose too much money,'" says Charles Arsenault, founder of Arsenault Associates. "In this troubled economic environment, that just won't do."
To read part one of this story, click here.
From the March 2012 issue of HDT