Safety & Compliance

FMCSA Proposes Entry-Level Driver Training Rule

March 04, 2016

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Behind-the-wheel training is the focus of the proposal.
Behind-the-wheel training is the focus of the proposal.

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration on March 4 unveiled a proposed rule on national  training requirements for entry-level commercial truck and bus operators.

The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) reflects the recommendations of a negotiated rulemaking committee made up of FMCSA representatives and 25 stakeholders.

The American Trucking Associations quickly stated that it was “pleased to see” the new requirements have been proposed, but said it “takes issue with one of the required elements.”

Although it is still studying the proposed rule, the Owner Operator Independent Driver Association said it is generally receptive towards it.

A controversial initiative that has been in the works for years, the proposal is driven by a Congressional mandate imposed under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), the highway bill passed back in 2012.

The agency is seeking public comment as the next phase of its ELDT rulemaking.

Under the proposal, applicants seeking a “Class A” CDL – necessary for operating a combination tractor-trailer type vehicle weighing 26,001 pounds or more – would be required to obtain a minimum of 30 hours of behind-the-wheel training from an instructional program that meets FMCSA standards, including a minimum of 10 hours of operating the vehicle on a practice driving range.

Applicants seeking a “Class B” CDL – necessary for operating a heavy straight truck (such as a dump truck or box truck) or a school bus, city transit bus, or motorcoach – would be required to obtain a minimum of 15 hours of behind-the-wheel training, including a minimum of seven hours of practice range training.

There is no proposed minimum number of hours that driver trainees must spend on the classroom portions of any of the individual curricula.

“A diverse group of commercial motor vehicle stakeholders completed a tremendous amount of work, and that effort resulted in an unprecedented consensus,” said FMCSA Acting Administrator Scott Darling.

ATA President and CEO Bill Graves said the proposal “does a good job of outlining the knowledge and skills a new driver should have before heading out on the road." However, he stated that trucking's biggesty lobby is "concerned that an arbitrary requirement centered on behind- the-wheel training hours distracts from a more important focus on performance and safety outcomes.”

According to Graves, during the negotiated rulemaking process, ATA “repeatedly emphasized” that demonstrating the ability to safely operate was far more important than the number of hours of instruction or practice a new driver received. 

“Some prospective drivers may demonstrate proficiency before reaching an arbitrary minimum hours requirement, but more concerning is the possibility that achieving this time threshold will erroneously convey competence and possession of the skills needed to safely drive,” Graves said.

ATA Chairman Pat Thomas, senior vice president, state government affairs for UPS, added that while the proposed ruletakes important strides toward ensuring that new truck drivers meet minimum training standards, we are hopeful that the final rule will be more focused on performance outcomes.” 

OOIDA Executive Vice President Todd Spencer told HDT that "We are still reviewing the rule and will likely have some questions for clarification on some provisions. 

“In general,” he continued, “we view the proposal positively and are encouraged to see the agency continue to make strides toward a final, solid rule."

Mandatory, comprehensive training in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and all U.S. territories would apply to:

  • First-time CDL applicants;
  • Current CDL holders seeking a license upgrade (e.g., a Class B CDL holder seeking a Class A CDL) or an additional endorsement (necessary, e.g., to transport hazardous materials, operate a tank truck, school bus, or motorcoach, or pull double and/or triple trailers); and
  • Previously disqualified CDL holders seeking to reacquire a license.

These individuals would be subject to the proposed entry-level driver training requirements and must complete a course of instruction provided by an entity that:

  • Meets the minimum qualifications for training providers;
  • Covers the curriculum;
  • Is listed on FMCSA’s proposed Training Provider Registry; and
  • Submits electronically to FMCSA the training certificate for each individual who completes the training.

Under the proposal, military drivers, farmers, and firefighters would continue to remain generally exempt from the federal CDL requirements.

FMCSA’s Entry-Level Driver Training Advisory Committee (ELDTAC) met for six two-day negotiating sessions starting in February 2015 until reaching consensus in May 2015.

ELDTAC included FMCSA representatives and a cross-section of 25 representatives from motor carrier transportation, highway safety, driver training, state licensing, law enforcement, labor union, and insurance organizations.

“We are proud of the ELDT proposed rule because it is the product of the first negotiated rulemaking in the Agency’s history that resulted in an NPRM,” noted Darling in a March 4 blog post

“The Entry-Level Driver Training Advisory Committee, a diverse group of our stakeholders, completed a tremendous amount of work, and that effort resulted in an unprecedented consensus,” he added.

Click here to view the NPRM. Members of the public will have the opportunity to review the NPRM and submit comments to the docket for 30 days following its publication in the Federal Register.

Click here for more information on entry-level driver training.

With reporting by David Cullen


  1. 1. Neil T. Egan [ March 04, 2016 @ 08:54AM ]

    This is insane , 30 hours of training, I have been out on the roads if the great nation for decades, the industry is going right down the tubes, as it is because people do not have enough training as it is. Having been out here for decades does not mean that I know it all either. Just that I have enough common sense, and knowledge to be able to operate safely, through out my day. I have an impeccable safety record knock on wood, and pride myself on trying to be the best that I can be.. ( sorry don't want to steal from the army, but for lack of a better phrase). These people coming out f school need to be with a competent instructor or mentor or some with years of experience to guide them, in most cases for at least three to six months in my book...

  2. 2. Timothy Howard [ March 04, 2016 @ 09:03AM ]

    Wow, 30 hours is a drop in the bucket. I had to complete over 200 logged hours with my trainer when I began at Werner, and I still barely knew squat. The school I attended was somewhere over 70 hours by itself. Way to fail again.

  3. 3. Walt Guntharp [ March 04, 2016 @ 11:41AM ]

    both my experience as an over-the-road driver and my 30 + years of accident analysis support the fact that 30 hours is insufficient. Entry level drivers need to work with a company trainer for at least 3 -6 months before undergoing a comprehensive evaluation. In addition, consideration should be given to whether such training should be started during winter months when the potential for control loss and resultant catastrophic collisions is much greater.

  4. 4. Kenneth H. Durbin [ March 04, 2016 @ 11:41AM ]

    I feel that any candidate for a CDL license for tractor trailer should not be trained on a truck with an automatic transmission. Learn to handle a big rig with a standard transmission, it's a whole different ballgame.

  5. 5. Clifton [ March 14, 2016 @ 02:52PM ]

    I can quote Kenneth H. Durbin on that.

  6. 6. Tom [ March 15, 2016 @ 08:45AM ]

    More hours were required of my teenager to get their 4wheeler permit and license.
    The industry and regulator's need to start far earlier in the process to make driver training effective. High school's should have driving as part of the vocational offering, like welding and mechanics. This then needs to be followed up with allowing 18 year old persons to enter the driving pool, for real training with companies that invest in this type of development. This would start a shift in qualified young drivers for a industry that is aging out. This is not the whole solution but could be a great supplement to a failed, broken and short sighted industry.

  7. 7. Chris [ March 18, 2016 @ 05:26AM ]

    As a Director of Safety (with several years as a Class A CDL Instructor) I want to be on record stating "Requiring only 30 hours of drive time and no requirement on classroom time will only serve to put under qualified "Drivers" on the road." If we want safe roads and safe drivers these parameters must be increased.


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