Commentary: Autonomous by Retrofit

July 2016, - Editorial

by Rolf Lockwood

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Rolf Lockwood
Rolf Lockwood

Automation won’t go away, and now we have a San Francisco startup called Otto that’s only a few months old, yet has already retrofitted three Volvo tractors with automated-driving technology. That means the sensors and other bits that allow a tractor-trailer to drive itself — though only on Interstate highways where lane markings are especially well defined. Hence, the system’s name: Interstate Autopilot.

The company got its quick start because its founders have been working on vehicle automation for years. Led by former technical lead of Google’s autonomous car division Anthony Levandowski and former product lead of Google Maps Lior Ron, the company is sufficiently confident to say, “We’re a team of the sharpest minds in self-driving technology and robotics.” And it clearly is.

Another former Google employee, Don Burnette, and a robotics specialist, Claire Delaunay, are also part of Otto’s leadership. Because some of them made pretty big money at Google, Otto is completely self-funded.

“Long-haul transit is vital for nearly 70% of the things we buy, yet hundreds of thousands of preventable trucking accidents happen each year on American highways. We believe it’s our responsibility to bring safer, self-driving technology to the road,” says a statement on the company website.

Otto hardware and software is tuned for the consistent patterns and easy-to-predict road conditions of highway driving. Sensors are installed high atop the truck, which offers an unobstructed view of the road ahead. With highways making up only 5% of U.S. roads, Otto says this allows a tight testing focus on a specific set of trucking routes critical for the American economy.

The company says its self-driving kit was designed to “empower truck drivers to drive more safely and efficiently.”

The broad design imperative was to develop a “suite” of sensors, software, and truck enhancements that could be quickly fitted on existing trucks. Testing is actively underway with the Otto research fleet.

“We intend to enhance the capabilities of the Otto truck, collect safety data to demonstrate its benefits, and bring this technology to every corner of the U.S. highway system,” says Levandowski.

“This is a critical effort, with wide-reaching implications for all of us, that requires co-operation between government agencies, the private sector, truck fleets, drivers, manufacturers and the brightest engineers.”

It’s early days, with no ready-for-market date set, but I’ve read suggestions that the price tag will be in the $30,000 range.

I’ll be following this one closely – not so much the technology itself but the reaction by governments and the public to what’s possible. There are some who will embrace it readily, some who’ll fear it, and some will call it the devil’s work. For my part I’m mightily intrigued, not to mention astonished by how quickly all this is moving.

When I saw the autonomous Mercedes-Benz Actros demonstrated on a German highway in 2014, it was a very bright moment even though it didn’t surprise me. All the requisite technology had been there or almost there for quite a few years, after all. I’d seen much of it in action a decade earlier, also in Germany, via Wabco and ZF as well as Daimler, so the reality of an autonomous truck was almost an anti-climax. Cool as hell, definitely, yet evolutionary.

But a $30,000 self-driving kit nearly available as an aftermarket retrofit for existing trucks? That strikes me as something pretty remarkable.


  1. 1. Tom R [ July 30, 2016 @ 08:08AM ]

    What I believe is truly amazing is the number of lawyers that are preparing for the windfall cases that this will generate. Example: who will be held liable for the installation and maintenance of this "technology" Driver, mechanics, developers, owners "both sides. Feel free to add on!

  2. 2. Robert Niemczyk [ August 01, 2016 @ 06:06AM ]

    Progress requires change - including in our tort laws. If all we are going to do is fret about who will be sued for how much instead of focusing on the use-cases these new and inevitable vehicles will be subjected to, this will never come to market. Think positive and by all means please contribute to the effort. Send TMC your list of concerns and possible (or even unlikely) HV operational scenarios. I'm certain that a Task Force would soon be formed to collate, address and disseminate these. Participation by the users (drivers, owners, etc. is key). Hop an board - this will be a fun ride!


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