GotQuestions? ELDs and Telematics

Q. What will happen during a roadside inspection when I have an ELD instead of a paper log?

May 2, 2017

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A. Drivers are not the only ones who will have to adjust to ELDs. Law enforcement officials will need to be trained as well. Given the variety of automated onboard recording devices (AOBRDs) and electronic logging devices (ELDs), along with the different software platforms, there may be some confusion at the time of a roadside inspection.

Fleets would be wise to make sure all their drivers are well educated about the information they need to provide during an inspection. Make sure your drivers can identify which hours of service (HOS) recording method they are using and make sure they understand which data displays are appropriate for each HOS recording method.

As of December 18, 2017, ELDs must support one of two options for electronic data transfer, according to the ELD rule:

1. The first option is a "telematics" transfer type ELD. At a minimum, it must electronically transfer data to an authorized safety official on demand via wireless web services and e-mail.

2. The second option is a "local" transfer type ELD. At a minimum, it must electronically transfer data to an authorized safety official on demand via USB2.0 and Bluetooth.

Drivers must be able to transfer data for the last seven days and the current day.

To ensure that law enforcement is always able to receive the hours of service data during a roadside inspection, a driver must be able to provide either the display or a printout when an authorized safety official requests a physical display of the information. However, it's unknown when or how many enforcement officials will be using the electronic transfer functions, especially at first. It is the driver's responsibility to display the log, and if the driver fails to do so, the officer will write the driver up for not having the log or not being trained on how to use the logging device.

Inspectors will ask drivers to hand the ELD outside the vehicle. This means the ELD needs to be designed in such a way that the display can be seen without the inspector entering the vehicle.

Drivers will also need to have the user manual for the device, a sheet with step-by-step instructions on how to transfer data, and a supply of paper grid-graphs to record driving status for at least eight days in the event the ELD malfunctions.

Author Bio

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Scott Sutarik

Business Development, OEM Sales Manager

Scott Sutarik is the Business Development, OEM Sales Manager at Geotab Inc. He has extensive experience within the truck manufacturing industry, specializing in medium duty and heavy duty trucks. He previously worked in sales and marketing at Navistar Inc. where he supported over 700 dealerships, worked with suppliers and telematics providers, and managed the OnCommand Connection Program. With his expertise in telematics, regulatory compliance, engine diagnostics, and alternative fueled vehicles, Scott provides training and works with Geotab's partners to develop leading-edge fleet management solutions for the trucking industry.

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