As fleets and the trucking industry increasingly focus on the many ways of going green, Fiorelli said there isn't one “right” solution. Each fleet is unique, and the path each takes to greening their fleet will be slightly different.
The spotlight on ways to improve a fleet's fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions has largely been focused on hybrid or alternative-fueled vehicles, which can be an expensive proposition.
While some fleets have found success with converting their die-sel- and gasoline-powered vehicles to hybrid, dual-fuel or alternative-fuel vehicles, there are many other ways to “go green” without dropping a lot of green to do it.
Fleets can go green and still be powered by the traditional diesel or gasoline fuel all while keeping their eye on the bottom line.
Fiorelli cited many questions that still linger for alternative-fuel vehicles, including lifecycle cost, the best long-term fuel choice, and facility requirements for vehicles other than diesel.
“As green is coming on board, we still need to work at reducing operating costs. In my perspective, the private Class 7 and 8 trucking industry is already challenged every day to move enough product down the road to be profitable,” said Fiorelli. “I think you can stick with low-capital investments and still reduce your fuel consumption.”
Lower-cost green options
Fiorelli has focused on proven green alternatives such as GPS for vehicle tracking and turn-by-turn directions.
“If you have a Class 8 truck that misses a turn, they might have to drive 10 miles before they can turn around. That's an added 20 miles that costs you money,” he said.
Other easy ways he suggested to improve fuel economy and cut GHG emissions included working closely with your engine manufacturer on idle shutdown and other parameters.
More suggestions include low-rolling-resistance tires, tire pressure monitoring systems, and taking a hard look at aerodynamics.
“Go green, but just go smart green,” Fiorelli said. You have to really understand what will work best for your fleet, he stressed.
George Mayhew with Verizon Fleet Operations agreed with Fiorelli that every company, fleet and driver should find the best way for their operation to go green.
Verizon has more than 35,000 on-road vehicles consuming around 40 million gallons of fuel. Those vehicles are separated by geography and by the jobs they need to perform.
“There are many different ways to go green besides changing the actual make-up of the vehicle,” Mayhew said.
Mayhew stressed that one of the most important things a fleet can do is to obtain and review empirical data to see where and how technology or alternative-fuel-powered vehicles will do the most good.
“You can't manage what you can't measure. We see telematics as extremely important to managing the whole green process,” he said.
For example, through the data it collected, Verizon determined that unnecessary idling is perhaps its greatest opportunity to reduce its fuel consumption and GHG emissions.
Telematics was able to identify those drivers who were found to idle too much, too often and Verizon was then able to correct that behavior.
According to Mayhew's presentation, Verizon's idle reduction efforts saved the company more than 200,000 gallons of fuel in 2012.
Mayhew stressed that fleets must make sure that the right technology or fuel economy step is taken with the right vehicles.
“Improper deployment will lengthen or eliminate ROI and mitigate the valuable environmental benefits these technologies offer — we must confirm effective technology application and have alternate solutions where they don't fit."