Ford wasn't the first to build a V-8, but Henry Ford popularized it in the days of inline 4's and 6's, starting in 1932 with the famous "flathead" V-8 for cars and light trucks. Its original maximum output was a racy 65 horsepower, but today's versions make five times that much.
Through the years, Ford designed and built its own gasoline V-8s, and some pretty good straight 6's, as well (in the early years its inline six-cylinder engines actually had more torque, so were arguably better engines, at least for trucks). Ford's latest V-8 is the new 6.2-liter version for the latest SuperDuty pickup trucks, which will go into production this summer.
But Ford's first diesel was supplied by Navistar International, in the early 1980s. This arrangement seemed to go fine until model-year 2004 and the 6-liter version of the Power Stroke, which soon exhibited serious problems. High warranty claims weren't being shared enough by Navistar, Ford claimed, and sued. Navistar countersued, alleging that Ford's development of its own diesel violated their supply agreement. They settled their differences in 2009 and the agreement ended. Navistar stopped making Power Strokes and Ford has begun building its new 6.7-liter diesel in Mexico.
The new Power Stroke was the main topic of enthusiastic presentations and conversation by company marketers and engineers at a ride-and-drive event in Arizona in March. Any mention of the outgoing Navistar-made product was met by scowls, and never mind that the Ford folks had heaped praise on a corrected 6.4-liter version just three years previous. The new Ford 6.7 is not just better, they said, but it's been tested over 10.3 million miles. And it really is a pretty nice engine to drive - smoother, quieter and cleaner-burning - and claims some big numbers: 390 horsepower with torque of 735 pounds-feet, enough to carry as much as 6,520 pounds and pull up to 24,400, but with better fuel economy.
The 2011-model SuperDuty itself is also pretty nice, with sharper edges to its bold, chromed nose, a wider "clamshell" hood for better access to engine and accessories, and freshened interiors. All kinds of electronic "infotainment" stuff can be had, but I ignored most of it and just drove. Most of the F-250, 350 and 450 pickups at the event were SuperCrew four-doors with top-of-the-line Lariat or King Ranch trim.
I grabbed King Ranchers when I could because I covet their thick, soft leather seats that remind me of my old 10-dollar Wilson baseball mitt. Back in the 1950s I'd smack-smack-smack a pocket into it with a 98-cent hardball while listening to radio broadcasts of the old Milwaukee Braves games. I'm sure my favorite player, big, sluggin' first baseman Joe Adcock, had a Wilson mitt. And if he were still alive he'd surely drive a Ford F-250 with the King Ranch interior (even if he was from Louisiana and not Texas). He could afford the $4,000-plus upcharge for the package, which includes convenience and appearance items never dreamed of in the '50s.
But back to the engine: Just a few of the SuperDuty pickups at the Arizona event had the new 6.2-liter gasoline V-8, and I never got to drive one. So all I can comment on is the Power Stroke, and it's a smoothie. It idles very quietly and can hardly be heard from inside the cab unless it's working hard. The truck's smooth, too. We drove SuperDuties both empty and loaded, and the on-pavement ride was fine either way - firm but with little or no hint of roughness unless the road or trail was rough.
At one point we pulled loaded trailers up a 4- to 6-percent highway grade south of Prescott, and all the trucks showed power and stability. The lighter trailers hardly made the engines breathe hard, but one of 'em weighed 22,000 pounds and this gave the engine a workout. Diesel-powered Dodges and Chevys were provided for comparison.
Firmly in my memory from a similar event for then-new '08 SuperDuties in Texas Hill Country was how the Navistar-made 6.4 diesel had to rev to make power, usually 3,300 rpm or more with a heavy trailer. Well, I thought, it's a V-8 and it's got to spin. But the new Ford 6.7 runs about 500 rpm slower, and only 200 to 300 rpm higher than a Dodge Ram's inline-6 Cummins Turbo Diesel. The Power Stroke cruises at 1,600 to 1,700 rpm, where it makes its maximum torque.
Low cruise revs for Fords are possible with a new TorqShift 6-speed with overdrive gearing in 5th and 6th, and a lower (higher numerical) 1st gear than with the 5-speed TorqShift. Six-speed automatics are where heavy-duty pickups are at, and Ford is dropping the 6-speed manual transmission it offered through 2010. Almost no one wants a "stick" anymore, the Big Three builders say.
The TorqShift 6, as Ford calls it, changes gears so smoothly that I could seldom feel it, and it works with an integral exhaust brake in the turbocharger. It automatically downshifts to let the brake hold road speed on downgrades, which it will usually do without any application of service brakes. Its selector can be pulled to an M for Manual mode, and a spring-loaded thumb switch on the lever lets the driver up- or downshift as he or she pleases, as long as the engine would be in its proper rev range. A Tow-Haul mode, activated by a push button on the end of the lever, prolongs time in each gear during acceleration and makes more aggressive downshifts while slowing. (General Motors and Dodge trucks have these features, too.)
The 6-speed tranny's electronically controlled torque converter supports a "live" power take-off drive so equipment can be operated not only while standing still (as before), and also now while the truck's moving. This lets a dump body spread dirt or gravel and a tanker spray water or whatever along a trail, something Fords couldn't do before, and, Ford folks claim, competitors still can't. When the PTO's engaged, engine revs automatically bump from idle to 750 rpm.
The TorqShift 6 will be standard with both the 6.7 diesel and the 6.2 gasoline V-8. The new gas engine is standard in F-250s and 350s, while the current 6.8-liter Vortec gasoline V-10 with the 5-speed TorqShift is standard in the F-450 and 550. All the 2011 F-SuperDuties can be ordered with the new 6.7 diesel, and its upcharge is no higher than it was for the discontinued 6.4 diesel (though its list price was $7,835). (The new Power Stroke is too large to fit in E-series vans, so those become gasoline-only when stocks of Navistar diesels run out.)
Back to the pickup: 4x4 SuperDuties are very capable off-road and on rough trails, as was proven to us at a quarry northwest of Phoenix. Electronic Hill Descend, activated by a switch on the dash, controls downward speed, and E-Lock, engaged by pulling on the 4WD rotary switch, enhances traction. With the TC in 4-Low, an inclinometer appears on the dash info display to show how far the truck's leaning.
Need to tow? An integral trailer brake controller links the towed vehicle's brakes with the truck's, and there's a Sway Control function that operates the brakes wheel-by-wheel if on-board sensors feel any yawing in the trailer. For easy backing to a ball-hitch trailer there's an optional rear-facing camera. Buyers who plan to pull serious trailers can pick a factory-installed fifth-wheel hitch kit that includes two extra crossmembers under the bed and electrical hookups. It costs about $400 versus maybe $1,000 for an aftermarket installation.
While we're talking money, basic specs sheets with list prices were in each of the demo trucks, and some prices were in the $50,000s and into the low $60,000s. Of course, these are not merely very capable pickups, but limousines that can carry you and up to five passengers in style while hauling almost anything that'll fit