The number of loads on the spot truckload freight market fell 3% during the week ending Sept. 9, which included the Labor Day holiday and supply chain disruptions caused by two hurricanes, according to freight matching provider DAT Solutions and its load boards.
Truckload capacity also tightened with truck posts down 15% compared to the previous week. A 20% reduction is typical for a holiday week. Van and flatbed load-to-truck ratios increased as a result:
- Van ratio: 6.6 to 1, up 17%
- Flatbed ratio: 34.4 to 1, up 29%
- Reefer ratio: 11.3 to 1, down 2%
Diesel prices continued to climb, rising 4 cents to $2.80 gallon as a national average. Higher fuel prices put pressure on national average spot rates compared to the previous week. All rates include fuel surcharges while average rates at their highest levels in at least the last four weeks.
- Vans: $1.93 per mile, up 3 cents
- Flatbeds: $2.24 per mile, up 4 cents
- Reefers: $2.18 per mile, up 8 cents
Nationally, van load posts declined 3% and truck posts lost 17%. Houston freight levels bounced back to 88% of where they were before Hurricane Harvey, a remarkable achievement considering that the rebound happened during a four-day holiday week, according to DAT.
Reefer load posts declined 10% and truck posts fell 8% compared to the previous week. Outbound reefer rates in Atlanta rose 6 cents to an average of $2.46 per mile as freight hubs in the Southeast helped to re-stock markets in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma that are usually served out of Houston. In Dallas, demand for reefer trucks led to a 19 cents increase to an average of $2.26 per mile outbound.
Flatbed load posts increased 4% nationally due in part to the need to move relief supplies and heavy equipment in Houston and Louisiana. Available capacity fell 20%, in line with expectations given the holiday week and the unusual pressures on the supply chain.
How Hurricanes Harvey and Irma Affected Freight Flows
Hurricane Harvey and Irma forced supply chain managers to make quick decisions about how to route their freight.
After Harvey, some shippers began to supply markets ordinarily served by Houston from regional hubs in the Southeast, including Atlanta, Charlotte, and Memphis. With Irma headed toward Florida, those same distribution centers re-focused and moved freight south instead of west. Meanwhile, the Midwest had to supply the Northeast to compensate for the freight that would otherwise arrive from Atlanta. And the Midwestern warehouses were called on to supply Colorado, which is often served by Houston.
For more details, read Emergency Freight: What Harvey Tells Us About Irma on the DAT blog.