The agency, in a report released Tuesday, forecasts global energy consumption to reach 16.7 billion metric tons of oil equivalent by 2035. The 36-percent jump in demand will be driven by China, which is expected to see demand for energy increase by 75 percent.
"The Copenhagen Accord and the agreement among G20 countries to phase out subsidies are important steps forward. But, these moves still fall a very long way short of what is required to set us on the path to a truly sustainable energy system," said Nobuo Tanaka, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency in London at the launch of the latest edition of the IEA's annual World Energy Outlook.
"It is hard to overstate the growing importance of China in global energy. How the country responds to the threats to global energy security and climate posed by rising fossil-fuel use will have far-reaching consequences for the rest of the world," Tanaka added.
China is at the forefront of efforts to increase the share of new low-carbon energy technologies, including alternative vehicles, which will help to drive down their costs through faster rates of technology learning and economies of scale, and boost their deployment worldwide, the agency reports.
The agency's scenario sees production of natural gas liquids (NGLs) and unconventional oil - notably Canadian oil sands - growing strongly.
"Renewable energy can play a central role in reducing carbon-dioxide emissions and diversifying energy supplies, but only if strong and sustained support is made available," Tanaka said. The agency's scenario sees the share of modern renewable energy sources, including sustainable hydro, wind, solar, geothermal, modern biomass and marine energy, tripling between 2008 and 2035, and their combined share in total primary energy demand increasing from 7 percent to 14 percent.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which already pumps 40 percent of the world's oil, will grow in importance, the IEA said. The report predicts OPEC will account for 50 percent of the worlds oil supply by 2035 as production from outside the group drops.
OPEC is also predicting a rise in oil demand. Last week it forecast world energy demand would rise by 40 percent in the next three decades. The oil cartel predicts that world oil demand will grow to a daily 105.5 million barrels in 2030, an increase of 21 million barrels a day over last year, according to an Associated Press report.
The energy trends envisioned in the IEA's report imply that national commitments to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, while expected to have some impact, are inadequate to meet the Copenhagen Accord's overall goal of holding the global temperature increase to below 2 degrees C.
Reaching that goal "would require a phenomenal policy push by governments around the world," the agency said in a press release. "The technology exists today to enable such a change, but the required rate of technological transformation would be unprecedented."
"The message here is clear," Tanaka said. "We must act now to ensure that climate commitments are interpreted in the strongest way possible and that much stronger commitments are adopted and taken up after 2020, if not before. Otherwise, the 2 degree C goal could be out of reach for good."