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Q. I manage a U.S. fleet that also operates in Canada. What are the primary differences between the U.S. and Canadian ELD regulations?

While there are many similarities between the U.S. and Canadian regulations, there are also a few key differences you should be aware of.

One of the main differences is that while U.S. ELDs can be self-certified, Canadian ELDs must be third-party certified. Canadian ELDs must meet at least the minimum requirements outlined in the Technical Standard for Electronic Logging Devices, which is published by the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA).

Another primary difference is that Canadian drivers will not transfer their logs electronically to a federal system as they do in the U.S. using eRODs. Instead, drivers will be required to email a specially created transfer file to officers, which the officers will then convert into a readable format. In addition, in the event of an ELD malfunction, the U.S. ELD mandate allows the recording of a driver’s hours of service (HOS) on a paper log for a maximum of eight days whereas drivers in Canada are allowed to record daily logs on paper up to 14 days or until they return to the home terminal from the current trip. At that time, the device must be repaired or replaced to ensure full functionality.

Despite the numerous differences, the ELD mandates have proven to be similar in many respects. For example, both country mandates require functions that automatically detect malfunctions as they arise and require ELDS to automatically detect and create drive status at speeds of 5mph (8kph) or below.

Geotab's ELD solution is prepared to seamlessly meet both Canadian and American ELD requirements. For example, Geotab's ELD is capable of adjusting and displaying the correct log formatting requirements of each country - meaning that once a driver crosses the border, their log will reflect the new country's requirements. Since the Canadian ELD mandate rules vary from those in the U.S. for the reasons listed above, it is critical that fleets choose an ELD vendor that both supports the Canadian HOS rules completely and is committed to achieving third-party certification when it becomes available. Geotab already has a Canadian ruleset available for the Geotab ELD solution and is committed to working toward fulfilling compliance requirements for the Canada ELD mandate.

Expert Bio

Answered by : Scott Sutarik from Geotab

VP, Commercial Vehicle Solutions

Scott Sutarik is the VP of Commercial Vehicle Solutions at Geotab Inc. He has extensive experience within the truck manufacturing industry, specializing in medium duty and heavy duty trucks. He previously worked in sales and marketing at Navistar Inc. where he supported over 700 dealerships, worked with suppliers and telematics providers, and managed the OnCommand Connection Program. With his expertise in telematics, regulatory compliance, engine diagnostics, and alternative fueled vehicles, Scott provides training and works with Geotab's partners to develop leading-edge fleet management solutions for the trucking industry.

Scott Sutarik is the VP of Commercial Vehicle Solutions at Geotab Inc. He has extensive experience within the truck manufacturing industry, specializing in medium duty and heavy duty trucks. He previously worked in sales and marketing at Navistar Inc. where he supported over 700 dealerships, worked with suppliers and telematics providers, and managed the OnCommand Connection Program. With his expertise in telematics, regulatory compliance, engine diagnostics, and alternative fueled vehicles, Scott provides training and works with Geotab's partners to develop leading-edge fleet management solutions for the trucking industry.

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