Equipment

Volvo’s I-Shift with Crawler Gears Boosts Performance, Productivity

June 29, 2016

By Tom Berg

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VHD mixer chassis is among Volvo trucks soon to be available with crawler-gear-equipped I-Shifts. Photos: Tom Berg
VHD mixer chassis is among Volvo trucks soon to be available with crawler-gear-equipped I-Shifts. Photos: Tom Berg

"Extreme startability" and low-rev cruising at highway speeds are the main advantages of a new crawler-gear option for Volvo Trucks’ I-Shift HD automated manual transmission, demonstrated for customers and trade press reporters June 27-28.

One or two added ratios to the builder’s 12-speed I-Shift allows easy starting under heavy loads and on steep grades, said Wade Long, director of product marketing, who oversaw the event at the North American headquarters of Volvo Construction Equipment at Shippensburg, Pa.

The low-low ratios also allow very slow movement for special jobs like concrete and asphalt paving for mixer and dump trucks. With the “C-1” gear, a Volvo VHD with the 14-speed version of I-Shift crawled at 0.6 mph, compared to about 2 mph for a 12-speed gearbox.

VHD mixer chassis with a 14-speed I-Shift HD moves very slowly while discharging concrete into a curb former during Volvo demonstration June 28. 
VHD mixer chassis with a 14-speed I-Shift HD moves very slowly while discharging concrete into a curb former during Volvo demonstration June 28.

“This lets us go after more vocational applications than we formerly could,” Long said. Extreme startability also allows use in tractors pulling extra-heavy combination vehicles, as the transmission will be approved for gross combination weights of up to 220,000 pounds, with prior application approval by Volvo engineers.

The I-Shift with Crawler Gears, as it’s formally designated, goes into production in October, and will be available in two versions:
• 14 forward gears, including one low crawler (19.38 ratio) and one ultra-low crawler (32.04 ratio) with an overall ratio of 41.08
• 13 forward gears, including one low crawler (17.54 ratio) with an overall ratio of 22.35

Thanks to overdrive top gears,  a Volvo truck “can go down the highway at 1,330 rpm at 70 mph” depending on axle ratio and tire and wheel size, said Magnus Koeck, vice president, marketing and brand management. This saves fuel, speeds trip times and boosts productivity.

Driver selects crawler gears using switches on I-Shift's T-handle selector. In some cases, electronic controls will automatically engage them. 
Driver selects crawler gears using switches on I-Shift's T-handle selector. In some cases, electronic controls will automatically engage them.

Heavy-duty versions of the I-Shift, whether in 14-, 13- or 12-speed configurations, have gears and other hardware that have been hardened to withstand frequent shifting in rugged operating environments. The transmission received additional updates to improve shift performance and overall durability, including improved split synchronizer components, an updated engaging sleeve and main box parts fashioned from reinforced material, Volvo executives said.

A revised countershaft design helps enable faster shifting between gears, while new software enhancements – Volvo’s I-See predictive cruise control feature – can help improve fuel efficiency by learning and adapting to the road.

Although I-Shift penetration in highway applications reached 83% in May, only about 25% of construction-truck customers chose automated transmissions, Koeck said. The crawler-gear options are expected to increase that percentage.

Comments

  1. 1. John Baxter [ July 13, 2016 @ 06:53AM ]

    My friend Tom was the writer who came up with what I was looking for--the actual gear ratios. He and I always ask the best technical questions at such events. Thanks, Tom, and great to see you!

 

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