Equipment

Test Drive: Volvo's VNR Could be an Urban Legend (in the Making)

July 2017, TruckingInfo.com - Test Drives

by Jim Park, Equipment Editor - Also by this author

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Volvo’s new VNR 640 with a 61-inch sleeper provides drivers all the comfort and storage options they’ll need for week-long excursions. Photos: Jim Park
Volvo’s new VNR 640 with a 61-inch sleeper provides drivers all the comfort and storage options they’ll need for week-long excursions. Photos: Jim Park

The introduction of Volvo’s new regional lineup is as much a mindset upgrade as a mechanical one. With its previous regional truck platform, the VNM, just turning 20 years old, Volvo has elevated the status of the regional truck from utilitarian workhorse to flagship chassis set to meet the new economy head-on. 

Volvo predicts the regional market is set to explode, driven by a combination of shortening supply chains and a strong push from drivers for shorter hauls and more home time. At the April VNR launch event in Montreal, Quebec, Volvo Trucks North America President GÕran Nyberg said the industry is shifting toward a hub-and-spoke or a relay-type of operation to attract drivers.

“Many drivers are leaving the industry because they aren’t happy being away for weeks at a time,” he said. “Relays and hub-and-spoke will get drivers home regularly and more often, and many fleets are already tailoring their operations that way to attract the best drivers.”

VTNA now has just the truck it believes will help attract top-notch talent to the burgeoning number of regional jobs, and the VNR will likely play a big role in keeping them there.

The VNR was clearly designed with driver comfort, convenience and safety very near the top of the priority list, but fleets will benefit as well with improved aerodynamics, reduced maintenance and some clever damage mitigation innovations.

The truck is offered in three base configurations; the day-cab VNR 300, a flat-roof sleeper model called the VNR 420 that comes with a 42-inch sleeper compartment for overnight trips, and the VNR 640, which features a 61-inch mid-roof sleeper intended for week-long excursions. It has enough room for a 42-inch mattress, a vertical closet, a fridge and microwave as well as a flat-screen TV.

Powertrain options for the VNR include the Volvo D11 with 325-425 hp and 1,250-1,550 lb-ft, or the beefier Volvo D13 offering 375-500 hp and 1,450-1,850 lb-ft. The D11 is nearly 350 pounds lighter than its big brother, making it a pretty compelling choice for weight-sensitive applications where gobs of power aren’t absolutely necessary. The engine can be mated to any of the currently available Volvo I-Shift configurations as well as popular Eaton-Fuller manual boxes or Allison’s 5- or 6-speed automatics.

Volvo made few changes to the chassis, but did redesign the cooling package to squeeze it under the smaller hood. The hood alone is 70 pounds lighter than the VNM’s, so when coupled with the lightweight D11 and a few other weight-saving options, the dry weight of the 4x2 VNR 300 I drove was just 12,700 pounds. Likewise, the 6x2 640 I drove — equipped with the Adaptive Loading package — tipped the scales at just 16,200 pounds dry.

And speaking of the hood, it’s the most striking change Volvo made. It’s narrower and about 9 inches shorter than the previous model. It’s also steeply raked for better aerodynamics and driver visibility. The styling of the fenders and the new headlights are obviously modified versions of the ones on the Volvo SuperTruck. The new LED headlight modules are mounted inboard of the fender to reduce the potential for damage in a minor scrape.

Below the hood is a stamped-steel bumper. It’s designed to take a bit of abuse without breaking. The side pieces are reinforced molded polyurethane, so they can be easily replaced if they are damaged. The end pieces are also slightly swept back to reduce the wall-to-wall turning radius. The 133-inch BBC measurement coupled with a 50-degree wheel cut makes the VNR very nimble.

Contemporary styling surrounds the VNR driver. It’s still a Volvo heavy truck, but the new trim packages give the truck an automotive look and feel.
Contemporary styling surrounds the VNR driver. It’s still a Volvo heavy truck, but the new trim packages give the truck an automotive look and feel.

Designed by drivers

Volvo says it conducted more than 2,000 driver interviews and focus group sessions to garner feedback on what drivers want in a cab and where they want it. With all due credit to the VNR design team, what they did best was listen and implement.

The cab interior is pleasingly refreshed, looking much more contemporary. The basic dash layout hasn’t changed much, but the A-panel has been rearranged. The driver information display screen still sits familiarly between the speedo and the tach, but it’s now full-color and 5 inches wide. It’s much easier to read and navigate than the old monochromatic orange display.

The large toggle control switches for lighting, air suspension drop, etc., have been grouped together by function and remain easy to reach and manipulate. Many of the most commonly used controls, such as cruise set/resume, radio, traction controls, hands-free calling, and headlight and trailer light dimmers, are now mounted on the steering wheel within easy reach. There are 19 separate buttons on the right and left side of the steering, again, grouped according to function. Their locations would become intuitive over time, but I had to look to find them — an awkward task when the wheel isn’t in the normal straight-ahead position.

Neither of the trucks I drove had the “infotainment” display installed, but that would be over on the right side of the dash B-panel. In its place was a little storage area suitable for a phone, a notepad or something fairly small. The bottom of the compartment has a soft rubber mat that prevents objects stored there from sliding around.

The look and feel of the new cab design is spot on, I think. It’s very modern and automotive but it’s still big-trucky. A couple of features stand out, like the floor mats. They are thick and soft and do a remarkable job of isolating road and drivetrain noise from the cab, and they are easily removed for cleaning. They are in sections, too, making that task much more convenient.

The seats are a work of art. Several subtle changes have been incorporated, such as longer fore and aft travel and a lower hip point. The latter enhancement makes it feel like you’re sitting in the truck, not on it — a small but welcome improvement.

Volvo has brought a new three-way steering wheel adjustment feature to the VNR called Position Perfect. It offers nearly 5 inches of telescoping range as well as the usual fore and aft tilt, but the wheel itself also tilts relative to the steering column. It can be flipped up into a close to horizontal position, or down so it’s close to a typical automotive steering wheel position. This offers drivers a nearly unlimited range of adjustments, which is very useful in a slip-seat operation or just to relieve the stress of being stuck in the same body position all day.  

The VNR is available in three trim options; Fleet, Express and Premiere. Fleet is decidedly un-fleety, and the Premiere edition gets close to a high-end automotive feel. The VNR 300 I drove had the Fleet package, while the 640 had the Premiere. I was perfectly happy and comfortable in either truck. The big difference, I think, is that the Fleet package is easier to clean. All three are a big and welcome step up from the dated VNM offerings.

The city and the highway

Stylish and bright LED headlights clearly come from Volvo’s SuperTruck. A slice of the fender protects the assembly from minor side-impact damage.
Stylish and bright LED headlights clearly come from Volvo’s SuperTruck. A slice of the fender protects the assembly from minor side-impact damage.

The VNR is a big departure from previous VN trucks I’ve driven. I have always liked the big VN cab and sleeper, but it feels, well, big. While the VNR cab is no smaller, the whole thing just felt much tighter and nimbler and very easy to drive. The short hood helps in this regard, but the suspension felt stiffer without being rough, and steering was really responsive. That applies equally to the single-axle VNR 300 and the larger 6x2 VNR 640.

I found out after the drive that the 640 was equipped with an optional stabilizer bar on the front leaf-spring suspension. It’s designed to support the cab and chassis during extreme maneuvers and tight turns, improve stability in windy conditions and enhance the on-center feel of the steering. The day-cab VNR 300 did not have the stabilizer bar, but the two trucks had a nearly identical feel to them.

Wheeling the VNR 300 with a loaded 28-foot trailer (46,000 lb GVW) through the downtown core of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, was no different from driving a 3/4-ton dually pickup. It’s that maneuverable. In a right-lane to right-lane right turn, I didn’t need to cross over into the oncoming lane, and the trailer wheels stayed a safe 2 feet from the inside curb. All the while, the visibility in the turn was amazing. There was never a point where I was guessing where I was on the road. The windows are big, the mirrors are in just the right place, and the short hood is so steeply raked it might as well have not been there at all.

The VNR 640 was somewhat less maneuverable, owing to the extra 7 feet in length, an additional axle, and the 45-foot loaded liquid tank out back. Still, the outstanding visibility helped through a few tricky turns and several round-about traffic circles.

Not knowing about the stabilizer bar while I was driving it, I was astonished by how well the truck held the road and its positive steering. I’ll give the bar some of the credit here, but I think the truck is just that well designed.

Contemporary styling surrounds the VNR driver. It’s still a Volvo heavy truck, but the new trim packages give the truck an automotive look and feel.
Contemporary styling surrounds the VNR driver. It’s still a Volvo heavy truck, but the new trim packages give the truck an automotive look and feel.

The other remarkable feature of the VNR is the absence of road and drivetrain noise in the cab. I checked it with my iPhone sound meter app and got an astonishingly low reading of 56 dB at cruise speed. The noise level in my Ford Taurus at highway speed is 68 dB.

There’s much I haven’t mentioned here that contributes to the overall performance of the VNR, such as the 11-liter engine, the recent improvements to the I-Shift transmission and to some extent the aerodynamic refinements (very low wind noise), but if you need to know more, Volvo has laid it all out in their marketing material.

The VNR, I think, is a turning point for Volvo. It sets the bar for future improvements pretty high. I think we can expect more of the same when the company introduces its re-imagined VNL model later this year.

Specifications

Volvo VNR 640 6X2 w/Adaptive Loading

DRIVETRAIN

  • Engine: Volvo D11; GHG 17 425 hp, 1,550/1350 lb-ft Eco-Torque
  • Transmission: Volvo I-Shift AT2612F 12-speed direct
  • Drive axle: Meritor RS23-160; DualTrac; full locking diff 20,000 lb
  • Axle ratio: 2.50:1 (1,403 rpm @ 65 mph)
  • Suspension: Volvo optimized air suspension (VOAS)
  • Pusher axle: Link; non-steer, 20,000 lb, 50-in. spacing

FRONT END

  • Steer axle: Volvo VF14, 13,200 lb w/Volvo Front stabilizer bar
  • Volvo lightweight 17-in. air disc brake
  • 59” Parabolic leaf spring, 13,200 lb

CAB INTERIOR

  • Premier trim pkg, Wren leather/cloth w/orange accent
  • Position Perfect leather-wrapped steering wheel
  • Rain-sensing automatic lighting & wiper system
  • National seats w/adjustable shock; lumbar; side bolsters; heated; ventilated; back cycler; swivel; memory Wren leather/cloth; orange accent

VEHICLE CONFIGURATION

  • 61-in. mid-roof sleeper w/42-in. bunk
  • Wheelbase/overhang: 224 in./33 in.
  • Dry weight: 16,200 lb
  • Paint: Urban Bronze Metallic

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