Rollover wrecks by tractor-trailers are among the worst kinds of accidents, safety people say, because property damage is high and driver injuries are severe.
Box sections replace crossmembers in Fontaine Trailerâ€™s Revolution flatbed, making it more resistant to flexing and rollover.
About 11,000 rollovers occur every year in the United States, typically on freeway ramps and curves that drivers enter too fast.
Electronic systems that reduce the risk of rollovers have been available for some time for both tractors and trailers, and fleets that use them say they yield a healthy payback.
If the few thousand dollars spent for an anti-rollover product stops just one such wreck, the vehicle's owner has saved $85,000 to $250,000, according to statistics cited by Meritor Wabco in announcing a new Roll Stability Control product.
Look at videos of rollover tests and you'll see that trailers twist when lateral forces pull its tires off the pavement. The twisting quickly moves forward as the trailer tips over, and it yanks the tractor over with it.
Usually a driver doesn't feel it happening until he starts going over with the rig. This occurs in a second or two, and electronic systems intervene by applying brakes to try to stop the rollover before a driver can.
But how about making the vehicle itself less prone to rollovers? Avoiding that twisting motion with a stiff structure would make the trailer more stable, with or without an electronic system. Cutting weight also helps.
Those are part of the design of Fontaine Trailer's Revolution aluminum flatbed, according to Alan Briley, a regional vice president of sales.
"The Revolution series is designed for safety," Briley says. "Its unitized floor design makes for very high roll stability because the floor doesn't twist and flex, unlike the traditional crossmember design, so the load stays secured.
"The integrity of that system allows for heavy loads like steel coils to be hauled with a high degree of safety."
Tie-down methods also matter, he says. Usually, straps and chains are secured at the rub rail, outboard of the load. This exacerbates instability as high gravity forces begin to tug sideways at the trailer; they have more leverage with the tie-down at the flatbed's outer edge, just as you do when you flip over a table by grasping the edge farthest from you.
The Revolution offers stout cleats that fit into grooves on the floor; the cleats can be positioned close to the load, side to side and forward to rear. So the forces pulling on the tie-downs are more centered, making it harder for lateral forces to turn over the trailer. This placement also better secures the load so it resists movement during transit, he says.
Weight is another factor. A weight increase of 10% raises rollover tendency by 23%, Briley says, citing tests by Haldex. This stands to reason, as an empty or lightly loaded trailer is less likely to roll over than a heavily loaded one. But you can't make money running empty, so back to weight reduction in the vehicle.
"The Revolution's integrated crossmember-floor design with friction stir-welding takes out weight without taking out beef. There are 300 box sections rather than 35 or 40 crossmembers." Fontaine's website
has a video explaining the Revolution's structure and how it cuts weight.
"Tractors are getting heavier, and we're just getting bombarded with requests to cut weight," he says. This of course relates to payload and revenue, which everyone understands.
A Revolution flatbed or the more recently introduced drop-deck version costs about 10% more than a traditional type, which Fontaine still offers, but the payback in payload and safety should be quick.
As a bonus, structural stiffness also increases fuel economy and tire life. "The Revolution tracks very straight for low rolling resistance," Briley says.
"Some fleets have measured fuel savings at 3% and with spread axles, tire wear savings of 30%. A trailer that doesn't twist and flex while rolling doesn't scrub the tires."