First, a confession: Before I was a truck nut I was a train buff.
Don Hackl, a driver for Tom Donahue Trucking, monitors the pneumatic transfer of plastic pellets from the railcar to his Heil tanker. The pellets will be molded into squeezable food containers.
When I was a boy I often pedaled my old Schwinn to a small rail yard on Milwaukee's north side operated by the Chicago Milwaukee St. Paul & Pacific, better known as The Milwaukee Road. I'd spend hours there, watching locomotives switch cars and hoping for a real train to come by. Once in a while, one would.
Canadian Pacific now owns that property, and it's used somewhat differently. Where mixed freight cars once waited to be moved, there are now strings of large, heavy, covered hopper cars. I didn't know what was in them until I happened by the old haunt on a recent trip to the old hometown.
There was a tractor-trailer parked next to a hopper car, taking on some of its product. I walked over to the scene and the driver turned, smiled and immediately started talking: "This is a 1600-cubic-foot tanker, and we use it to haul plastic pellets that are offloaded pneumatically from the rail car." He continued like a professor lecturing a transportation studies class.
I introduced myself and explained that I write about trucks for Heavy Duty Trucking
and TruckingInfo.com, and we began chatting.The 'plastic tracks'
He was Don Hackl, 56, who drives for Tom Donahue Trucking. He regularly hauls pellets from this yard, which he called "the plastic tracks." Rail cars are spotted here after traveling hundreds of miles from manufacturers of the raw products.
The pellets Hackl handled were produced in Texas and were destined for a plant run by Gateway Plastics in Mequon, a suburb farther north. Gateway melts the pellets and molds the liquid into a variety of food jars, maybe the very ones you squeeze ketchup, mustard and mayonnaise from.
Hackl had connected a large hose to one of the bottom hopper doors on the railcar to the rear of his Heil aluminum tank trailer. The engine in the Mack CH-613 tractor fast-idled to spin an air pump that created a vacuum to pull the pellets into the trailer. He said these pellets were slightly oblong and coated with a light oil, and that made them slide easily. Dry pellets can jam in the hose and he has to work them free.
Hackl, who lives in Muskego, on the opposite side of the Milwaukee metro area, makes two to four runs a day from the plastic tracks to the Gateway plant. It's a huge facility, he said, "and you wouldn't believe the security. You don't walk anywhere in the plant without an escort." I guessed that was perhaps because the company wanted to keep competitors from seeing its modern processing equipment; he said he's noticed more industrial security since the 9-11 attack 10 years before.
I didn't have my camera with me but knew my cell phone could snap pictures. I had never used it that way, though, and fumbled with it. "Here," Hackl said, and showed me how to set it up and shoot. "Oh, thanks," I said sheepishly. Back home in Ohio, my stepson helped me transfer the pics to my laptop computer. That's where the accompanying photo of Hackl's rig came from.
I told him about the many hours I had spent in this yard as a kid, how the wooden North Milwaukee depot had once stood on a now vacant space. In a railroad history book I had read that back in the 1910s and '20s, that depot was staffed around the clock by clerks who tallied the many rail shipments from nearby industries, most of them now shut down and their ancient brick buildings deteriorating. How transportation and industry in America have changed!Old-fashioned intermodalism
Anyway, what Hackl and his rig were engaged in is a form of intermodal transportation. The long hauling of the bulk commodity is by rail and the short haul, getting the product the "final mile" to the customer, is done by truck. In this case the finished plastic jars and bottles almost certainly go out by truck to food processors.
In the heyday of the railroads, most manufactured merchandise went in boxcars. These were sometimes spotted on "team tracks," where men with horse-drawn wagons, and later motor trucks with van or stake-side bodies moved alongside. They transferred crates, boxes and barrels from railcars to road vehicles and delivered them. Those days are pretty much gone, as fast, flexible and secure trucks now do most if not all the hauling.
"Intermodal" today usually means containers crammed with merchandise from China or some other far-off place moving by ship, special rail cars and then trailer chassis to distribution centers, then by more trucks to stores, where we buy the stuff. Domestic containers carry goods in a truck-rail-truck routing. But it was nice to see Don Hackl and his Mack-Heil rig intermodaling in a more old-fashioned way.