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Q. Does a high oxidation level mean corrosion?

This is for a Caterpillar C15 ACERT. I change the oil every 12-13k miles. I have been taking oil samples and everything is good except I get a high reading of oxidation. Why am I getting this reading?

A. If I follow your inquiry correctly, your question is why does the oil analysis report indicate higher oil oxidation than normal and does this result in corrosion? Oil oxidation can occur at varying levels after the oil has sustained exposure to engine heat or high temperature over the course of the oil change interval. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, April 26, 2016 8:04 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What are some lubricant do's and don'ts?

A. This is a wide open question but here are some basics. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Monday, March 7, 2016 12:56 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. What Citgo oil is recommended for Detroit Diesel 2 stroke 8V-92?

Also, what ash content does the oil have?

For 2 stroke Detroit Diesel engines, CITGO recommends an SAE 30 or 40 single grade engine oil. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, February 2, 2016 1:55 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. Best oil for trucks that run seldomly?

This response is based on modern 4-stroke diesel truck type engines without knowing the actual truck engine manufacturer make and model.

A. The problem: One challenge for diesel engines that set idle for long periods of time is a tendency for condensation and corrosion. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, September 22, 2015 8:48 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What's the best way to take a used-oil sample?

A. When it comes to taking a used-oil sample, timing is essential. First, integrate oil analysis into the component maintenance schedule as a regular part of the maintenance program. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, September 4, 2015 6:42 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. How do I get started on oil analysis?

A. There are several reliable and professionally-operated oil analysis laboratories available. You can contact these laboratories directly for information or as is often the case, oil analysis is included as part of engine oil or engine equipment manufacturer lubrication or equipment warranty programs. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, September 2, 2015 3:33 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Can my lubricant choices help extend the life of my diesel particulate filter?

A. Heavy duty engines oils that meet API CJ-4 standards have been designed to improve the life of the diesel particulate filter compared to previous engine oil categories such as API CI-4 Plus. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, September 2, 2015 2:34 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. How should I store my oils and lubricants?

A. When it comes to lubricant storage, the first thing that we recommend you do is contact your lubricant provider and find out what training is available for your maintenance staff on proper storage and handling of lubricants. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, September 2, 2015 1:11 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. How do I know if an automated chassis lubrication system is right for me?

A. Several factors must be evaluated when considering an automated chassis lubrication system. Among those are... READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, September 1, 2015 9:22 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What is different about PC-11 from past categories?

A. PC-11 uses a property of engine oil called high-temperature, high-shear (HTHS) to differentiate the two subcategories, PC-11 A and PC-11 B. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Sunday, August 30, 2015 12:43 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. What are the new tests defined by PC-11?

A. Engine oil shear stability, oil oxidation protection and oil aeration protection are among some of the key oil performance factors under evaluation. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Saturday, August 29, 2015 2:06 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. How far-reaching is PC-11?

A. PC-11 will become a two-part category, PC-11 A and PC-11 B. PC-11 A is projected to eventually be named API CK-4, and will be backward compatible with older diesel engines while serving as an improvement over what is now the API CJ-4 category for newer engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 11:11 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What do I need to consider when switching to lower-viscosity oil?

A. Fuel economy, oil consumption and oil pressure are among the most frequently cited concerns when switching to lower-viscosity oils, but those factors only affect a small number of fleets. Additional concerns are engine and engine warranty protection, in addition to backward compatibility for older engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 5:47 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Do I need to use different engine oil if I'm running B20 biodiesel?

A. High quality API CJ-4 oils such as CITGARD 700 Synthetic blend 15W-30 or the fuel efficient 10W-30 have demonstrated the capability of protecting against the tendency of increased oil oxidation when using B20 biodiesel fuels. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 2:12 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Why is PC-11 important for industry stakeholders?

A. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA), and major engine manufactures have come together and agreed on new goals for fuel economy and emissions in future medium and heavy duty on-highway vehicles. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 4:00 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. Does the color of grease make a difference?

A. While the color of grease is really only a cosmetic factor, in some cases maintenance managers have reported that color can serve as a visual to confirm if the component has been re-lubricated. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:20 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. What should I look for when selecting grease?

A. Selecting the right properties when choosing grease can significantly improve its performance capability. Most importantly, the grease must be able to stay in place or prevent leakage. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:19 PM | » Comments(1)

Q. How important is it to regularly grease my truck?

A. Failure to maintain adequate lubrication in both the chassis and fifth wheel can result in increased component wear or premature component failure. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:17 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. Which vehicles are affected by PC-11?

A. Ultimately all medium and heavy duty vehicles will be affected since PC-11 A is intended to be backward compatible for older engines and will also serve as an improvement to newer engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Saturday, August 22, 2015 11:11 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What do I need to know about filters that say they will replenish my engine oils' additives to help increase oil drain intervals?

A. Oils that are formulated to meet the specifications of the engine manufacturers and licensed as the API CJ-4 engine oils must comply with the original limits established for the formulation. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, August 19, 2015 6:24 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. My company has a sustainability goal. How can my oil and lube program be changed to help meet these goals?

A. The first thing that I would recommend would be to consult a reliable and knowledgeable oil supplier to gain insights into available lubricant options that can sustain and reduce maintenance and variable operating costs. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Monday, August 3, 2015 1:57 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What oils would you recommend for 60's vintage Ford Super Duty 401/477/534 gasoline HD truck engines?

This series of engines are of a flat tappet design.

A. Heavy duty engine oils will provide excellent protection in these vintage type engines while providing better lubrication at start up compared to a single grade engine oil. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, July 10, 2015 9:45 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What oil should be used in the 2012 Paccar 385 hp engine?

A. Paccar recommends an API CJ-4 type engine oil. Currently factory fill is 10W-30 and the preferred grade per their current service bulletin. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Monday, March 16, 2015 9:56 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What precautions can I take to protect my equipment from cold temperatures?

A. With temperatures on the decline and arctic air blasting most of the country, fleet owners in particular need to take special precautions to help protect their rigs and livelihood. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, February 10, 2015 11:43 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. We use Amsoil in our trucks and were instructed to never change the oil, only add oil as needed. Is this an accepted method?

Comments to consider when extending engine oil service intervals.

A. As far as the product reference mentioned, you should ask the supplier how and why it will support that claim, keeping in mind what is at stake and the factors that have been described in this response. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, January 21, 2015 4:21 PM | » Comments(1)

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Author Bio

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Mark Betner

Heavy Duty Lubricants Manager

CITGO Lubricants

Mark Betner boasts 35 years of experience in the lubricants business. As the Heavy Duty Product Manager for CITGO Lubricants he is responsible for initiating and implementing the marketing of new products and human development programs and oversees communications with the media, trade shows and consumer education.

Prior to this, he was a field sales manager and technical training administrator at an independent lubricant company specializing in heavy equipment lubrication.

Mark earned a master’s and bachelor’s degree in both chemistry and biology from Indiana University. He holds a certification from the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers and is a member of the Truck Maintenance Council.

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