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Q. What are the new tests defined by PC-11?

A. Engine oil shear stability, oil oxidation protection and oil aeration protection are among some of the key oil performance factors under evaluation. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Saturday, August 29, 2015 2:06 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. How far-reaching is PC-11?

A. PC-11 will become a two-part category, PC-11 A and PC-11 B. PC-11 A is projected to eventually be named API CK-4, and will be backward compatible with older diesel engines while serving as an improvement over what is now the API CJ-4 category for newer engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 11:11 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What do I need to consider when switching to lower-viscosity oil?

A. Fuel economy, oil consumption and oil pressure are among the most frequently cited concerns when switching to lower-viscosity oils, but those factors only affect a small number of fleets. Additional concerns are engine and engine warranty protection, in addition to backward compatibility for older engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 5:47 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Do I need to use different engine oil if I'm running B20 biodiesel?

A. High quality API CJ-4 oils such as CITGARD 700 Synthetic blend 15W-30 or the fuel efficient 10W-30 have demonstrated the capability of protecting against the tendency of increased oil oxidation when using B20 biodiesel fuels. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, August 28, 2015 2:12 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Why is PC-11 important for industry stakeholders?

A. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA), and major engine manufactures have come together and agreed on new goals for fuel economy and emissions in future medium and heavy duty on-highway vehicles. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 4:00 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. Does the color of grease make a difference?

A. While the color of grease is really only a cosmetic factor, in some cases maintenance managers have reported that color can serve as a visual to confirm if the component has been re-lubricated. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:20 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. What should I look for when selecting grease?

A. Selecting the right properties when choosing grease can significantly improve its performance capability. Most importantly, the grease must be able to stay in place or prevent leakage. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:19 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. How important is it to regularly grease my truck?

A. Failure to maintain adequate lubrication in both the chassis and fifth wheel can result in increased component wear or premature component failure. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Thursday, August 27, 2015 12:17 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. Which vehicles are affected by PC-11?

A. Ultimately all medium and heavy duty vehicles will be affected since PC-11 A is intended to be backward compatible for older engines and will also serve as an improvement to newer engines. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Saturday, August 22, 2015 11:11 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What do I need to know about filters that say they will replenish my engine oils' additives to help increase oil drain intervals?

A. Oils that are formulated to meet the specifications of the engine manufacturers and licensed as the API CJ-4 engine oils must comply with the original limits established for the formulation. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, August 19, 2015 6:24 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. My company has a sustainability goal. How can my oil and lube program be changed to help meet these goals?

A. The first thing that I would recommend would be to consult a reliable and knowledgeable oil supplier to gain insights into available lubricant options that can sustain and reduce maintenance and variable operating costs. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Monday, August 3, 2015 1:57 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What oils would you recommend for 60's vintage Ford Super Duty 401/477/534 gasoline HD truck engines?

This series of engines are of a flat tappet design.

A. Heavy duty engine oils will provide excellent protection in these vintage type engines while providing better lubrication at start up compared to a single grade engine oil. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Friday, July 10, 2015 9:45 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What oil should be used in the 2012 Paccar 385 hp engine?

A. Paccar recommends an API CJ-4 type engine oil. Currently factory fill is 10W-30 and the preferred grade per their current service bulletin. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Monday, March 16, 2015 9:56 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What precautions can I take to protect my equipment from cold temperatures?

A. With temperatures on the decline and arctic air blasting most of the country, fleet owners in particular need to take special precautions to help protect their rigs and livelihood. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, February 10, 2015 11:43 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. We use Amsoil in our trucks and were instructed to never change the oil, only add oil as needed. Is this an accepted method?

Comments to consider when extending engine oil service intervals.

A. As far as the product reference mentioned, you should ask the supplier how and why it will support that claim, keeping in mind what is at stake and the factors that have been described in this response. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, January 21, 2015 4:21 PM | » Comments(1)

Q. Can I use multi-grade oil for cold temperature operation in my 6-71 Detroit Diesel engine?

A. Detroit Diesel’s oil recommendations for all 2-stoke DD engines including the 6-71 have not wavered. Use mono-grade SAE 30 and SAE 40, subject to temperature variances. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Tuesday, January 6, 2015 1:28 PM | » Comments(0)

Q. How is the new lighter grade thin ice oil working on the newer diesel engines?

A. I am not exactly sure what “thin ice” oil is, but your question is good. I assume you are concerned about newer low-viscosity oils that may be considered for applications operating on “thin ice”. These low-viscosity oils actually include grades such as 10W-30, 5W-40 or 5W-30. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, December 17, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What is the proper weight lube for a rear trans rebuild?

A. Generally, differentials can be lubricated with SAE 75W-90, 80W-90, 85W-140 or even 80W-140 gear oils which helps people know which product should be used for differentials and the SAE 50 for transmissions. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, December 10, 2014 7:50 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Is it practical to switch to synthetic lubes after running mineral oils for a long time?

A. Yes - equipment owners have changed to synthetic lubricants without problems. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, December 3, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(1)

Q. I've heard that if you have shorter drain intervals you don't need to buy high-priced engine oils. Is this accurate?

A. So called high priced oils can provide some capability to optimizing the service intervals as long as you know what the manufacturers recommendations are for that component. However, there is more to the story than just extending the service life of the oil. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, November 19, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Can you determine the quality of an oil by its color or thickness?

A. No - Color of an oil is not a method of evaluating oil quality. Oils can vary with base oil and the additive selection and color does not provide you with an indicator as to what level or how the oil will perform. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, November 5, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. Do automated and automatic transmissions have any different lubrication requirements than manuals?

A. Absolutely there is a difference-refer to your manufacturers recommendations for their specification requirements. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, October 22, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. I hear about TBN and TAN in oil analysis. What do these mean?

A. The most basic explanation of these specifications is that TAN means total acid number and TBN mean total base numbers. Technically oriented people will want to give you a textbook definition of these specifications but here is the relevance of these specifications. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, October 8, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

Q. What type of grease should I use for my fifth wheel?

A. Proper application of grease is equally important as the type of grease. The frequent incorrect method of lubricating a 5th wheel is to simply apply the grease in a ribbon like manner thinking that the engagement of 5th wheel and trailer will spread the grease correctly. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, September 24, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(1)

Q. I hear about different types of "base stocks" used in oils. Can you explain what this means?

A. Attempting to provide a meaningful explanation to the differences in base oil there is an excellent reference provided on the internet entitled understanding the differences in base oils. READ MORE

Author: Mark Betner | Posted @ Wednesday, September 10, 2014 12:00 AM | » Comments(0)

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Author Bio

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Mark Betner

Heavy Duty Lubricants Manager

CITGO Lubricants

Mark Betner boasts 35 years of experience in the lubricants business. As the Heavy Duty Product Manager for CITGO Lubricants he is responsible for initiating and implementing the marketing of new products and human development programs and oversees communications with the media, trade shows and consumer education.

Prior to this, he was a field sales manager and technical training administrator at an independent lubricant company specializing in heavy equipment lubrication.

Mark earned a master’s and bachelor’s degree in both chemistry and biology from Indiana University. He holds a certification from the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers and is a member of the Truck Maintenance Council.

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